The Anglo-Israel and British-Israel Primary Information Source Site

This Anglo-Israel and British-Israel Primary information Source Site provides abundant research into the Two Houses of Israel, Ephraim and Judah, and their Biblical and historical story. Please read about our main points on this page and then click on the links above for a greater understanding of our message.

Migrations of Israel

Tribe of Dan in Europe

Lost Israel's
Further Country

Is Biblical History
A Religious Fairytale?

Television Commentator

Glen Beck on Bible historian Steven M. Collins wonderful four book series, and video below on the origin of Caucasian race in the exiled and lost House of Israel.

What Is Anglo-Israel or British-Israel belief?

  What do Anglo-Israel or British-Israel people believe? In brief, we explain that the ancient people of Israel were composed of twelve tribes organized into two distinct groupings that became separate independent nations: the ten tribe House of Israel and the two tribe House of Judah. We believe that the ten tribes, according to Biblical and historical evidence, were conquered and exiled to Assyria and Media, and later scattered to other lands where their descendants are found today. The two tribe House of Judah was later conquered by Babylon and exiled for seventy years. The return of a portion of these people of the House of Judah to Canaan-Palestine is referred to by historians as “the Restoration.”
An examination of Scripture shows clearly that the Abrahamic Covenant promises could not be fulfilled today solely in the relatively small Jewish people, who we believe are descendants of the Biblical House of Judah. Modern theologians often seem to admit that fact, but answer that the rest of the prophecies will only be fulfilled during the future Millennium, and that the delay in fulfillment is due to the Jewish rejection of Jesus Christ. We disagree; the Abrahamic covenant promises were unconditional, dependent on Abraham’s prior faith alone, and were not subject to Israel’s obedience for their fulfillment. The Bible, in fact, verifies that Israel’s covenant promises were being fulfilled even during times of their disobedience. (See for example Deuteronomy 1:10) Further, the critics of Anglo-Israel rely heavily upon arguments that ignore or deny the plain words of Scripture. A good example of this is the frequent denial that the House of Israel was in fact exiled to Assyria in whole or in major part, as the Bible record attests. (See 2 Kings 17:18, “Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.”) Yet critics of the Anglo-Israel or British-Israel teaching often insist that there were no exiles and no lost tribes! We believe that faith in the Bible’s record of history and prophecy mandates a belief in Anglo-Israel, and that the Ten Tribes of the House of Israel must still exist as a distinct people in our world today.


Was there a scriptural basis for Western Christians calling themselves, “the Israel of God”? In Galatians 3:7, we read, “Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.” The Apostle did not say that through faith we become Japhethites in Shem’s tents. Rather, that those of faith were in truth the children of Abraham, God’s Israel. The Apostle Paul explains this truth a few verses later in verse sixteen, “Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He sayeth not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.” This statement by Paul flatly contradicts the widely held dispensationalist dogma which assigns all of prophecy concerning Israel for our day solely to the Jewish people. Some writers have tried to constrict these verses in Galatians chapter three to salvation alone, ‘the Abrahamic covenant of faith’, but Paul here doesn’t speak in the singular, but of “promises,” and his argument holds true for all of the promises to Israel, the literal as well as the spiritual. To emphasize his point that the true Israelites have accepted Christ, the Apostle continues in verse 29, “And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.” Yes, Israelites, the seed of Abraham, are inheritors of the Patriarchal promises through faith in Christ.

Where then do the Jewish people fit in this? The Apostle Paul emphasized that “blindness in part is happened to Israel” and that the time was coming when they would come to faith in their Messiah: “And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.” (Romans 11:25-26) The Biblical prophets also declared God’s intention that a time would come when the Two Houses of Israel, Judah and Ephraim-Israel, would be reunited as one. The Prophet Ezekiel recorded, “Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.” (Ezek. 37:19) When would this reuniting take place? Ezekiel gives the time as when, “David My Servant shall be King over them, and they all shall have one Shepherd.” When the House of Judah accepts the Messiah, David’s greater son, the Two Houses of Israel will be reunited. They are reunited around a mutual faith in Jesus Christ, the Messiah of Israel! This faith will come, and this unity between Jew and “Gentile” will come to pass. In the meantime, we need to promote love, peace, and understanding to our Jewish brethren, with whom we even now share a great many of the most wonderful elements of the Judeo-Christian religion with its roots in the Old Testament.
Many critics of the Anglo-Israel belief claim that the Two Houses of Israel reunited in Babylon at the end of the Babylonian captivity in 538 B.C.. This cannot be. Certainly, the reuniting of Israel’s Two Houses could not have taken place before 1948 A.D., for in Ezekiel’s prophecy of their rejoining he says, “They shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children's children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever.” (Ezek. 37:25) The prophecies of the rejoining of the Two Houses of Israel are clearly described as an end of the age or Millennial-dawn fulfillment. We fervently look to the day when Israel’s Two Houses, Judah and Ephraim-Israel, are united together  in peace, love, prosperity, and obedience to their Messiah.

There appears therefore, to be little Scriptural or historical basis for supposing that God considers his Christian people to be little more than outsiders who snuck in under Shem’s tent, as it were. Ironically, to refer again to the prophecy in Genesis 9:27, since a majority of the world’s Jews have come and settled in Western Christian lands, it may be more correct to say that they are dwelling in our tents! The pages of this website give substantial and growing evidence for the Anglo-Israel or British-Israel belief. Our central message as Anglo-Israelites is that according to the clear word of God, the people of Israel in our world today are inclusive of the Christians of Western lands. We are all God’s covenant people, “the children of Abraham,” and the “heirs according to promise.” The covenant promises are being fulfilled in both Ephraim-Israel and Judah, and cannot be fulfilled without including both parts of God’s people. These things were known to our forefathers, and should be known to us. The Anglo-Israel or British-Israel message is important. Let our young people know that when they sing hymns about God’s provision for Israel, we are a part of that people, the sheep of His pasture. And let us pray for a re-awakening and return to the faith and beliefs of our forefathers who came to this new world to establish the kingdom of God, a “city set on a hill,” founded upon faith in God’s Word and His Messiah. This is the Anglo-Israel belief. Amen!


Anglo-Israel / British-Israel Covenant Truth

A Guide To Understanding Your Bible

The Main Points of Anglo-Israel / British-Israel teaching:

1. Israel was divided into two groups of tribes, known as the Two Houses of Israel, which became distinct and separate nations after the time of King Solomon. (1 Kings 12)

2. This division, the ten tribe House of Israel and two tribe House of Judah, was according to God's Divine plan and for His purposes in the outworking of providence. (1 Kings 12:22-24) God said, "This thing [i.e., the separation of Israel's Two Houses] is from me" (1 Kings 12:24)

3. The House of Israel, the ten tribes known as "Ephraim" in the later prophets, was conquered by Assyria and exiled by them to various regions of Assyria and Media in at least four invasions of Canaan between 732 - 670 B.C. From there they migrated to other lands (see point 6 below). Few of them returned, instead becoming the "lost tribes of Israel." See other articles on this website .

4. The House of Judah was later conquered by the Babylonians and exiled to various regions of Babylonia. After seventy years, a "remnant" returned. (Isaiah 10:21-22) The Jewish people of today trace their descent from the restoration of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, the House of Judah, in about 536 B.C. (Ezra 1:5) The prophets Ezra and Nehemiah were eye-witnesses to the period of the restoration, and neither includes any of the tribes of the House of Israel in the return from exile. Professor Lester Grabbe stated, "There is no evidence in the archaeology of a sudden influx of new settlers in the early Persian period." ("Exile and Restoration Revisited: Essays on the Babylonian and Persian Periods," 2009, p.117) See articles on this website for more evidence .

5. Each of the twelve Israel tribes had separate and unique sets of prophecies and promises (Genesis 49; Deuteronomy 33), which were to be fulfilled in the "latter days" (Gen. 49:1). Dr. Raymond DeHoop comments, "These words are considered by some scholars as a designation for the far future, the 'end of days', as in the case of Daniel 10:14." ("Genesis 49 In Its Literary And Historical Context," Brill 1999, p. 86) These separate latter-day/end time promises could not have reached their individual fulfillments if earlier during the Babylonian captivity all twelve tribes had fused into only one group, the Jewish people. Further, no Biblical scholar places the latter days prior to the time of Christ, and most believe that this prophetic time period represents the closing period of the present age. The tribes of the House of Israel and house of Judah must therefore still have separate existences today.

6. Bible prophecy stated that Israel was to be spread north, south, east, and west. (Genesis 28:14), which was confirmed by the Prophet Isaiah in chapter 11, verse 12, who spoke of Israel having been scattered (circa 700 B.C.) to "the four corners of the earth." This was indeed fulfilled in history: Israel's migration south to cities such as ancient Carthage in Africa is fully covered by author Steven M. Collins in his book "Israel's Lost Empires." Israel in the east is documented by the same author in his book, "Parthia, The Forgotten Ancient Superpower and Its Role In Biblical History." Israel in the north and west is covered by authors Steven Collins and W.H. Bennett. (See our "Anglo-Israel Books" page under "Resources" for information.)

7. The reunion of the Two Houses of Israel, Ephraim-Israel and Judah, will take place at the end of this age (the latter days), and dawn of the Millennium. (Ezekiel 37:15-28) The time period is specifically stated by Ezekiel as when both Houses together accept (by faith) the rule of the prophetic David, the Messiah, to be ruled by him forever, and are both cleansed forever from sin. (vss. 23-25) The Two Houses are finally reunited under Messiah's Millennial rule! Until that time they are fulfilling their individual prophecies as two separate peoples of God. The Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary says, "Under the Messiah will the two kingdoms that were formerly divided be united once more." (x:335) Therefore, the Two Houses of Israel will be divided until the Millennial kingdom. The Tyndale Bulletin 51.2 (2000), p.310, in an article by Prof. Steven M. Bryan, states: "There was...a common expectation that the constitutional shape of Israel in the eschaton [i.e., Millennium] would be determined by the re-establishment of the tribal league in the land. Some Jews associated this restoration with the return of Elijah before the Day of the Lord." Again, the restoration and rejoining of the twelve tribes constituting the House of Israel and House of Judah would occur at the end of the age at the return of the Messiah.

Each of these points are incontrovertably taught in the Scriptures, and supported by both history and modern scholarship. We encourage you to read the Bible passages above for yourself, as well as other articles on this website. You will find critics of Anglo-Israel / British-Israel who reject every one of the above points by an agnostic treatment of these and other Bible passages; but if you accept the Word of God we invite you to join with us in teaching these truths. These and other key points of the Anglo-Israel / British-Israel teaching are verified more fully in other articles on this website. We thank you for your interest in Scripture history and prophecy and hope that you enjoy learning more about God's plans and purposes with us!

Was the Destiny of Israel's Tribes Fission Or Fusion?

            If the Jewish people are the sole representatives in the world today of the Biblical twelve tribes of Israel, then what happened to all of the separate Hebrew tribes that we read about in the Bible? The standard and seldom challenged popular view is that these ancient twelve tribes all fused into one tribe, one people, the modern Jews.

Does God’s Word teach this? Do Bible prophecies say, for example, that Simeon and Judah would have an Anschluss, or political union, and cease to be separate tribes? Do we read that any of the tribes had a “unity ceremony” and proceeded to throw away their distinguishing tribal banners and heritage? Did the distinctive form of Biblical government under tribal boundaries quickly end with the coming of Solomon’s United Kingdom? Modern religious writers seem to talk in such terms. Yet the Bible teaches the opposite: a continuing tribal division, or “fission,” not fusion.

Modern schoolchildren have probably heard the word, fission, used in connection with nuclear technology. Webster’s Dictionary defines fission as, firstly, “a splitting or breaking up into parts;” secondly, “reproduction…into two or more parts each of which grows into a complete organism;” and thirdly, “the splitting of an atomic nucleus resulting in the release of large amounts of energy.” The first two of these definitions have an interesting analogy with the twelve tribes of Israel.

Firstly, Israel did indeed split and break into parts. You might expect that the children of Jacob, being close relatives with a common religion, would certainly fuse into a tightly united nation when encountering strong, armed opposition from numerous Canaanite and Philistine tribes already established in the Promised Land. It is a common and sensible adage that there is strength in unity, and “united we stand, divided we fall.” The circumstances they faced emphasized the need for unity instead of division, fusion instead of fission, and yet Jacob’s twelve sons instead became progenitors of twelve separate and distinctive tribes. These tribes even have entirely separate and distinctive prophecies relating to their individual futures in the “latter days” (Gen. 49; Deut. 33), indicating their continuing separateness throughout this age. Further, Bible history records that these tribes often displayed a definite disinterest in coming to each other’s aid when in distress. (See as an example, Judges 5)

Religious writers often ignore or downplay this division, and children’s Bible stories seem to imply, for instance, that each of the judges of ancient Israel was actually, in effect, a defacto king over twelve united tribes. This was not the case, as evidenced by the research of at least a handful of respected ancient Mideast scholars. One of them is Niels Peter Lemche, who wrote: “There is no information which suggests that any Judge managed to establish a dynasty, or that the narratives refer to a succession of pan-Israelite rulers.” (“Early Israel,” p.275) In other words, the Biblical Judges, such as Samson, were local leaders acting in their own tribal areas, not pseudo-kings over all twelve tribes.

Webster’s second definition of fission speaks of a division “into two or more parts each of which grows into a complete organism.” Modern religious writers ignore the fact that the Israel tribes, although divided, were loosely associated into two separate groups, the houses of Israel and Judah. To quote Professor Lemche, the Israelite conquest in the Book of Joshua “as a rule followed the division between Lea[h] and Rachel tribes;” that is, the separate tribal groupings of Judah and Israel. (ibid. p.63)

Furthermore, the most natural and credible reading of the prophecies in Genesis indicates that Israel would eventually grow in numbers to become twelve separate and distinct nations or kingdoms, each with their own king. For example, Genesis 17:5-6 states, “Nor shall your name any longer be Abram [high, exalted father]; but your name shall be Abraham [father of a multitude], for I have made you the father of many nations. And I will make you exceedingly fruitful and I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you.” (Amplified Version) Similarly, Genesis 35:11 promised Jacob, “And God said to him, I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall come from you and kings shall be born of your stock.” Certainly, these are prophecies of fission, twelve individual “parts each of which grows into a complete organism.”

Other examples of fission in Israel’s history include the tribe of Levi, divided and dispersed among the other tribes and yet keeping their identity intact as the tribe composing the priesthood. (Deut. 18:1-7) Another example of fission instead of fusion was the division of the tribe of Joseph into the separate tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. (Gen. 48)

Modern religious writers make a great deal of clamor concerning “missing” tribes that are supposed to have fused into other tribes and lost their individual existence. The tribe of Simeon, it is claimed, merged very early into the tribe of Judah. Yet Dr. Lemche disagrees, saying, “Simeon’s territorial possessions (Josh. 19:1-9) show it existed in the beginning of the national period” under Solomon. (ibid. p.283)
The tribe of Dan does not appear in the tribal list of Revelation 7:4-8, causing proponents of fusion to insist that this tribe must somehow have ceased to exist as a separate entity. Yet the tribe of Judah is missing in the list of Solomon’s districts (1 Kings 4:7-19), without any implication that this tribe ceased to exist! (cf. Lemche, ibid. p.286) It is much more likely that Dan, with a coastland port, very early engaged in sea trade and left Canaan for lands to the west; historians write about the tuatha de Danaan or tribe of Dan, in the history of early Mediterranean lands as well as the British Isles. The lack of mention of a tribe in Canaan does not mean that it did not exist elsewhere. In the case of Judah, it is evidence that Solomon had an entirely separate administration for the house of Judah that was not included in the administrative list covering the northern House of Israel. This again is another example of fission, not fusion, in Israelite history.

It is also worth pointing out that under the united monarchy, a time when many assume separate tribal heritages ended, Solomon’s districts maintained existing tribal boundaries. Dr. Lemche states, “Solomon’s distinct subdivision was undertaken on the basis of existing tribal borders.” (ibid. p.285) So even during the united monarchy, Israel’s tribal divisions continued.

In spite of popular mainstream belief in Israel’s fusion into one united tribe, Jewish scholarship has long advocated fission. The late Chief Rabbi of the British Empire maintained that the Jewish people are descended only from the house of Judah, constituting the tribes of “Judah and Benjamin with a certain number of descendants of the tribe of Levi,” and that “there is not any further admixture of other tribes.” (“Story Of Celto-Saxon Israel,” p.187) The idea of a fusion of all of Israel’s twelve tribes into the Jewish people of today is without Biblical or historical support. It is for this reason that Bible believers have for generations spoken of the “lost tribes” of Israel. Christians need to continue this investigation into the identity of the other “lost ten tribes” of Israel in our modern world. This research is already underway in the book, “Israel’s Tribes Today” by Steven M. Collins, which locates each of the twelve tribes as separate nations in the world today. -J.S. Brooks


The Prophet Ezekiel's Most Puzzling Prophecy

Anglo-Israel and British-Israel: What Is The Difference?

In Great Britain and its commonwealth nations, the term "British-Israel" is used for the teaching concerning the separate Two Houses of Israel. However, the founder of the British-Israel movement, John Wilson, used the term "Anglo-Israel" exclusively, as did his followers until the year 1895. In that year the term "Anglo-Israel" was dropped in Britain out of deference to Scottish adherents who complained that Scotland was not an Anglo-Saxon nation, but Celtic, and they therefore felt left out! Originally, British-Israel was meant to convey primarily the Hebrew word, B'rith, meaning covenant; B.I. therefore meant the people of the covenant. In the United States the term, Anglo-Israel, is still used, with an emphasis on American early history and heraldry, rather than the British emphasis on their own history and the throne of David in the royal family. One might therefore say that the difference is primarily one of emphasis rather than any disagreement in teaching. Both Anglo-Israel and British-Israel adherents teach and proclaim the Biblical and historical fulfillment of the Two Houses of Israel in the world today.

The Levitical Basis of Druidic Ritual

The Mystery of the Prophet Isaiah's "Servant of the Lord"

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